Various objections have been raised regarding the birth of Imam Mahdi (as). Keeping in mind the necessity for brevity, this this article we shall discuss two objections.
First of all is the objection that if the birth of Imam Mahdi (as) has already occurred, then a tradition in support of this should be shown to them in Sahih Bukhari or Sahih Muslim (the two most popular books of traditions for Ahle Sunnah). (more…)
Allamah Majlisi (ar) has brought in chapter 1 of volume 51 of Beharul Anwar, the reports of the birth of Imam Mahdi (as) through various narrators. The reports of some of them are given below. These reports are an evidence for the birth of Imam Mahdi (as) in the house of Imam Hasan Askari (as). These reporters include companions of Imam Askari (as) as well as some of the slaves who were witnesses to his birth. (more…)
The following narrations are taken from the book Najmus Saqib. On page 83 of volume 1 of this book (English edition) we find that according to the report of Mas’oodi (Isbaatul Wasiyyah al-Imam Ali Ibne Abi Talib (as), page 259) and Hazini, (Hidayatul Kubra, page 356)
Janabe Hakima Khatoon said: “I came to Imam Hasan Askari (as) after forty days and saw my master walking in the house. I have not seen anyone more elegant than him and have not heard anyone speaking in a more eloquent tongue than him. Thus, Imam Hasan Askari (as) said to me: He is the chosen one by Allah. I said: My chief, he is only forty days old, but I see that he has grown very fast.”
He said: “O aunt, do you not know that we divine successors grow in a day as much as others grow in a week and grow in a week as much as others grow in a year.” (more…)
This report is mentioned in Beharul Anwar volume 51, chapter 1, tradition 14. Janabe Hakima Khatoon (sa) is the daughter of Imam Taqi (as), the sister of Imam Naqi (as). She is buried in Samarrah next to the graves of the 10th and 11th Imam and Janabe Narjis Khatoon (sa).
Apart from establishing the circumstances for the birth of Imam Mahdi (as), this narration also brings forth several truths regarding the Imamate of Imam Hasan (as) and Imam Husain (as), the superiority which Allah has granted to Aimmah (sa) and also the fact that Imam Mahdi (as) has the same excellences of the knowledge of the unseen, even at his young age which are a proof for his Imamate.
Ibne Idris has narrated from his father from Mohammed bin Ismail from Mohammed bin Ibrahim Kufi from Mohammed bin Abdullah Mutahhari that he said:
“I went to see Hakima Khatoon after the demise of Imam Hasan Askari (as) to ask her about the Hujjah and the confusion in which people had split many ways. She said to me, “Sit down.” I sat down and she said: “O Mohammed, verily Allah, the Exalted, does not leave the earth without a Divine Proof, be he a speaking one or a silent one. He has not put it in two brothers after Hasan and Husain, as a token of distinction for Hasan and Husain and to mark their superiority, lest there will be their peer on earth. However, Allah, the Exalted, gave excellence to the progeny of Husain over the progeny of Hasan, as He gave excellence to the progeny of Harun over the progeny of Musa, though Musa was Divine Proof over Harun. And this excellence is for his progeny until Judgment Day.
“There must be a trial for the Ummah,” said she, “in which falsifiers will fall in doubts, and in which verifiers will find salvation, lest people will have an argument against Allah after the apostles. This trial has occurred after the demise of Imam Hasan Askari (as).”(more…)
Regarding the events around the birth of Imam Mahdi (as), it is important to establish the presence of his mother, Hazrat Narjis Khatoon (sa) and the circumstances about her existence.
This narration is from Bushr bin Suleiman, a slave trader from the descendants of Abu Ayyub Ansari and a sincere Shiah of Imam Ali Naqi (as) and Imam Hasan Askari (as) and their neighbour at Samarrah. Abu Ayyub Ansari is the person at whose place Holy Prophet (sawa) first stayed when he migrated to Medina. (more…)
Traditions from both the Shiah and the Ahle Sunnah are clear that Imam Mahdi (as) is the son of Imam Hasan Askari (as) and Janabe Narjis Khatoon (sa). While we have discussed this in the topic of the birth of Imam Mahdi (as), here are some further traditions in this regard. (more…)