His name was Ali, his agomen was Abul Hasan. His father’s name was Mohammed. The fourth deputy of Imam Mahdi (as) – Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Mohammed attained this special position after Husain Ibn Rauh Nawbakhti (ra). Imam Mahdi (as) himself ordered the third deputy (ra) to appoint him to this post. (more…)
His name was Husain, his agnomen (Kuniyat) was Abul Qasim. His father’s name was Rauh and his grandfather’s name was Abu Jafar. He belonged to the Nawbakht family.
He was known by his name – Husain Ibne Rauh-e-Nawbakhti (ra). His exact date of birth has not been recorded in books of history. (more…)
The first deputy, Janab Usman Ibne Saeed Al-Amri was succeeded by his son Mohammed Ibne Usman Saeed Al-Amri.
Imam Hasan Askari (as) declared, “Abu Amri (Usman Ibne Saeed (ra)) and his son (Mohammed Ibne Usman (ra)) are both reliable and trustworthy (in narration). Whatever they both convey to you they convey from us.” (Tarikhe Ghaybate’ Sughra by Syed Mohammed al-Sadr page 403) (more…)
Janab Usman bin Saeed (ra) was the first special deputy of Imam Mahdi (as) in Ghaybate’ Sughra. The renowned Shiite scholar, Shaykh Tusi (ra) records in his illustrious book, ‘al-Ghaybah’ ‘Among the companions that the infallible Imams (as) considered as virtuous and pious, was Janab Usman bin Saeed al-Amri (ra). Imam Ali Naqi (as) and Imam Hasan Askari (as) have spoken highly of him and he was their most trusted companion.’ (al-Ghaybah of Shaykh Tusi page 353) (more…)
After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan Askari (as) the mantle of Imamate fell on the young shoulders of Imam Mahdi (as).
Due to the severe restrictions imposed by the reigning Caliph, Imam Mahdi (as) was forced to conceal himself from the eyes of the people. In the initial stages of Ghaybate’ Sughra (minor occultation), some very special and selected people among the Shiahs had the permission to meet their master whenever the need arose. They presented the problems of the Shiahs in the service of Imam (as) who provided answers to them and conveyed them back to the people. Such selected people were called as special representatives, deputies or the door to the Imam etc. (more…)
The history of Islam records the events of some men who claimed to be a special deputy of Imam Mahdi (as). A study of these events is important from two aspects. Firstly, it is a lesson for the masses to understand that after the fourth special deputy of Imam Mahdi (as), the door for any person to claim a direct channel to Imam Mahdi (as) has been closed forever. No person can claim to enjoy this special relationship. Secondly, history has exposed the mischief of such false claimants so that others may learn a lesson and not commit the mistake of claiming such deputyship for themselves. (more…)
An interesting aspect about the discussion on Imam Mahdi (as) is that once his birth is established, there are a lot of questions concerning his physical presence. Where is he? How can we meet him? Can we actually meet him?
Islam provides answers to all these questions and even more from the Quran and from traditions of the Holy Prophet (sawa) and Aimmah (as). Ghaybat is a special characteristic and sign of the true Imam Mahdi (as). What is meant by special characteristic is that it is present in the true Mahdi (as) only. This is an important point for Shiahs for the history of Islam is littered with incidents of those who have falsely claimed to be the Mahdi for the society. Needless to say, false claimants deny Ghaybat since they do not have this sign. (more…)